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Why do I need a Land Survey?

Ans : You will typically need a land survey for locating boundaries as per the recorded "plat map" and to check encroachment on your land. It also helps in specifying setbacks in the property that satisfy local code.

What is permit set ?

Ans : In most cases, the "permit set" and "builder's set" is the same thing. A "permit set" is a minimal set of drawings required by the local jurisdiction in order to obtain a construction permit. The set typically includes floor plans, elevations, sections, and a site plan. Being a smaller and less detailed set of information, these drawings take less time for the architect to complete thereby costing the owner less in architectural fees. It typically does not include anything over and above what is required for permit.

What is spline modelling ?

Ans : Spline modeling is one of the basic techniques us ed to create 3D models, and the process is carried out through Editable Spline. Splines are curves that have a minimum of two control points, and are used in the 3D space to create models. Objects in the 3D space are created by using splines to create a skeleton around its shape. Polygons are then created between these splines to further define the shape.

What is B.I.M.?

Ans : Building information modelling is a framework for generating a full 3D representation of a facility within a virtual platform. Architects and engineers can use this model to understand and coordinate building components. Not all projects are suitable for B.I.M. Building information models (BIMs) are files which can be extracted, exchanged or networked to support decision- making regarding a building or other built asset.

Why do I need a Land Survey ?

Ans : You will typically need a land survey for locating boundaries as per the recorded "plat map" and to check encroachment on your land. It also helps in specifying setbacks in the property that satisfy local code.

Can a Land Surveyor perform engineering surveys?

Ans : Land surveyors conduct most engineering surveys. They are knowledgeable and equipped to prepare topographic surveys, supply control for aerial photography, layout construction projects, survey right of way for power lines and roadways, and so on.

Who can legally perform a Land Survey?

Ans : Only the professional land surveyors who have been licensed by the state of Oregon to practise land surveying can perform a land survey. A land surveyor is an individual who has a highly specialized background, training, and skills.

What are the different types of surveys that we conduct?

Ans : We work on Typical Boundary Survey, ALTA type Survey, Topographic Survey, Road Survey, Drone Survey, Waterline Survey, Sidewalk Survey, Tree Survey, R/W Survey, Waterline Survey, Pole Survey, and Survey Inspection Reports.

What are the versions of AutoCAD Civil 3D that we use?

Ans : We use AutoCAD Civil 3D 2015 to 2018 - all compatible versions supporting the Microstation.

What is the time required to complete a survey?

Ans : It solely depends upon the amount of work that needs to be done on a particular survey, apart from the size of the property and client-specific requirements, if any.

What does the export command do?

Ans : The export command is used to save the drawing file in different formats. Generally, a drawing file is saved in .dwg format. But we can also export it in different formats such as:

  • 3D DWF (*.dwf) 3D DWFx (*.dwfx) - Autodesk Design Web Format
  • ACIS (*.sat) - ACIS solid object file
  • Bitmap (*.bmp) - Device-independent bitmap file
  • DXX Extract (*.dxx) - Attribute extract DXF file
  • Encapsulated PS (*.eps) - Encapsulated PostScript file
  • IGES (*.iges; *.igs) - IGES files
  • Lithography (*.stl) - Solid object stereolithography file
  • Metafile (*.wmf) - Microsoft Windows Metafile
  • V7 DGN (*.dgn) - MicroStation DGN file
  • V8 DGN (*.dgn) - MicroStation DGN file
What is the file format used in AutoCAD?

Ans : AutoCAD uses different file formats such as:

  • dxf - Drawing Export Format is used to export AutoCAD files to view in other software formats
  • dwf - Drawing Web Format is used for sharing AutoCAD files online
  • dwt - This stands for AutoCAD Template file.
  • dwg - This is standard AutoCAD drawing extension
What is the difference between a DXF and DWG file

Ans : Both the .dwg and .dxf are vector files of AutoCAD. They allow editing individual elements that make up an image with the help of a CAD program. Vector files allow you to scale certain shapes, change the colours, and much more. Also, the data in the .dwg and .dxf files are instructions to render drawings. The data mathematically describes the object being modelled. CAD programs then use this data to dynamically generate different views (images) of the model. Each data point is plotted using cartesian coordinates, which are the X-Y coordinates on the grid. Every element of the drawing is made up of such points.

A CAD package will connect the lines between these points to render the final graphic image. Sophisticated CAD programs can use this data to dynamically generate different views (images) of the model. The .dxf format allows the user to use the information contained within a drawing file without opening a CAD file. .dwg is an AutoCAD file that contains AutoCAD objects such as layers, lynetypes, lineweights, colours, X-Ref used (such as image and other .dwg files), and any other type of object used while creating a drawing file. One big difference in these formats is that a .dwg file can handle 3D Geometry while a .dxf file cannot.

How do you convert Civil3D drawings into Standard AutoCAD format?

Ans : You can convert a Civil3D drawing in Standard AutoCAD drawing by using 'EXPORTC3DDRAWING' command. This will remove all AEC intelligence from the objects and save the drawing in different formats which you can choose from the settings.

What are the steps that enable the drag and drop feature in AutoCAD?

Ans : There are two methods which enable the user to use the drag-drop function:

Method 1 : Select the object or group of objects, click and hold down the left mouse button anywhere on the object or one of the objects. AutoCAD will show an arrow cursor. Drag (with the mouse button still held down) the object at the desired place and release the mouse button. You will see that the object has been moved to the new location. To copy objects, hold down the Ctrl key as you drag.

Method 2 : Select the object or group of objects, and instead of the left click, use the right click of the mouse on the arrow sign. Drag it to the desired place and release it. It will show options to select from "Move here", "Copy here", "Paste as Block" or "Cancel". Choose from a relevant option.

What does purge command do in AutoCAD?

Ans : There is a lot of information in an AutoCAD file such as layers, linetypes, block definitions, unused references, dimensions styles, group definitions, and text styles, etc. All this information causes an increase in size. Purge command removes unused named objects from the current drawing. It also removes zero-length objects and empty texts and Mtext objects. Note that it will not remove unnamed objects, blocks or layers.

Can I change the name of objects in AutoCAD drawing?

Ans : Yes, we can change the name of any object in AutoCAD. Use the "Ren" command. This will open a dialogue box. On the left side, it will show objects such as "Blocks", "Layers", "Dimension style", etc. On the right side, it will show items under a particular named object. Just select the item from the list and it will display the current object name used in the drawing. Rename it as you want.

What is the difference between designing and drafting?

Ans : Designing can be defined as the process of conceptualization of ideas and modelling them into 3D drawings using different CAD software. This can be simply stated as processing an 'Idea' into 'Life'. This involves creating sketches or basic drawings which are pictorial representations of a particular idea. It provides a detailed analysis of the components used for specific needs. On the other hand, drafting is a technique of creating technical drawings that provide technical specifications of that particular project. For creating these drawings, drafters use different CAD programmes.

What If my survey discloses deed overlaps, encroachments or other problems?

Ans :It is easy to discover during the survey process if any fence or building encroachments or other problems actually exist. There are many methods of resolving property line disputes, the most expensive of which is a resolution before a court of law. More congenial resolutions require the cooperation of both parties, creation of an easement, adjustment of a property line, and maintaining the status quo. Your surveyor and attorney can help you determine the best option for resolving property conflicts.

What will the land surveyor furnish me with?

Ans : A land surveyor's final product varies with each survey (depending upon the reason for the survey), but generally, you are furnished with a copy of a signed and stamped plat or map showing what the land surveyor has done, showing the corners monumented or identified. A narrative on the map describes why and how the survey was performed. In 1947, Oregon law mandated that all surveys that are performed by licensed surveyors (in which a property corner is set) should be filed by the county surveyor. Your survey should be on the file and copies should be available to the public if it was performed after 1947.

What are the versions of AutoCAD Civil 3D that we use?
Ans : We use AutoCAD Civil 3D 2015 to 2018 - all compatible versions supporting the Microstation.
What is the time required to complete a survey?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is spline modelling ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is spline BIM ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is a permit set?

Ans : In most cases, the "permit set" and "builder's set" is the same thing. A "permit set" is a minimal set of drawings required by the local jurisdiction in order to obtain a construction permit. The set typically includes floor plans, elevations, sections, and a site plan. Being a smaller and less detailed set of information, these drawings take less time for the architect to complete thereby costing the owner less in architectural fees. It typically does not include anything over and above what is required for permit.

Do we need a building permit for an extension to my existing residential project?

Ans : Generally, a permit will be required for any project which intends to construct, extend, modify, repair, demolish or any alteration to mechanical, electrical or plumbing systems. To obtain a permit from the county office, the owner/applicant must complete a form which can be obtained from the local building department. Typically, the department will require construction documents signed and sealed by an architect in addition to the properly completed form.

Do I need an architect for obtaining a permit?

Ans : All commercial plans need to be signed by an architect or an engineer with their official seal. Smaller projects such as decks, residential addition might not need an architect's seal, purely depends on the discretion of county office.

How can we help?

Ans : We can help you design and draft these documents based on your county specific building codes and requirements.

How to visualize a design before building it?

Ans : We offer a plethora of 3D modelling services which will help you visualize any design before actually building it. We use Civil3D, Revit and Chief Architect to help out Architects. We also have expertise on Lumion, SketchUp and 3DSMAX which will give a photorealistic view of your designs and enable you to make those minor changes.

What is Clash Detection? How do we resolve it in Revit/Naviswork?

Ans : Clash detection is a component of the Building Information Modelling (BIM) process and is the realisation of conflicts or clashes, whether structural or MEP, through an automated and computerised approach. Clash detection can be carried out on multiple 3D models and is an invaluable tool for designers, architects, builders, engineers and contractors to determine clashes or conflicts in the structures.

Running a clash detection scan or report in Revit will typically bring up many duplicate instances of the same issue. Navisworks use the Clash Detective tool for to permit clash detection. It can help you to reduce the risk of human error during model inspections. It can also be used as a one-off 'sanity check' for a completed design work, or it can be used as an ongoing audit check of the project.

You can conduct clash tests between traditional 3D geometry (triangles), and laser-scanned point clouds or you can combine the Clash Detective functionality with other Autodesk Navisworks tools:

Linking Clash Detective and Object Animation together gives you the ability to automatically check interferences between moving objects. For example, linking a Clash Detective test to an existing animation scene would automatically highlight clashes for both static and moving objects during the animation, for example, a crane rotating through the top of a building, a delivery lorry colliding with a workgroup, and so on.

Linking Clash Detective and TimeLiner together enables the time-based clash checks on the project. See Select Items for Testing for further details on time-based clashing.

Linking togetherClash Detective, TimeLiner, and Object Animation enables clash testing of fully animated TimeLiner schedules.

What is an Interior Set?

Ans : Interior Drawing set is a Package of drawings made to design interiors of any structures. the interior set is as same as a building construction set but with more details about the furnitures, fixtures, finishes and decoratives. The set comprises of all the drawings and rendered views of an indoor space which is self explainatory and provieds all the details required to make it look the same as visualised by client and architect.

What is Landscape design?

Ans : Landscape design is an independent profession and a design and art tradition, practised by landscape designers, Architects combining nature and culture. In contemporary practice, landscape design bridges the space between landscape architecture and garden design.Landscape design focuses on both the integrated master landscape planning of a property and the specific garden design of landscape elements and plants within it. The practical, aesthetic, horticultural, and environmental sustainability are also components of landscape design, which is often divided into hardscape design and softscape design.

What is master planning?

Ans : Comprehensive planning or Master planning is a process that determines community goals and aspirations in terms of community development. The result is called a comprehensive plan and both expresses and regulates public policies on transportation, utilities, land use, recreation, and housing. Comprehensive plans typically encompass large geographical areas, a broad range of topics, and cover a long-term time horizon.

Comprehensive planning is generally known as strategic planning or visioning. It is usually accompanied by public consultation. When cities and municipalities engage in comprehensive planning the resulting document is known as an Official Community Plan or OCP for short. (In Alberta, the resultant document is referred to as a Municipal Development Plan.

What is Town planning?

Ans : Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use and the built environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. Urban planning deals with physical layout of human settlements. The primary concern is the public welfare, which includes considerations of efficiency, sanitation, protection and use of the environment, as well as effects on social and economic activities. Urban planning is considered an interdisciplinary field that includes social, engineering and design sciences. It is closely related to the field of urban design and some urban planners provide designs for streets, parks, buildings and other urban areas. Urban planning is also referred to as urban and regional planning, regional planning, town planning, city planning, rural planning, urban development or some combination in various areas worldwide.

How to Purge a model in Revit?

Ans : On the Ribbon Manage (Tab) > Settings > Purge Unused The Purge Unused dialog box opens, select the views, families or any other objects you wish to delete unused objects.

What is Revit worksharing?

Ans : Worksharing is a design method that allows multiple team members to work on the same project model at the same time. ... You can enable worksharing to create a central model so that team members can simultaneously make design changes to a local copy of the central model.

"The file .rvt cannot be opened. There are too many elements missing in it. Please contact Autodesk Support." Error? What to do?

Ans : This may happen when the Audit option is checked while opening the file. Auditing can lead to checking of missing elements in the file and hence the error. So, try unchecking the Audit option and then open the file.

What is spline modeling?

Ans : Spline modeling is one of the basic techniques us ed to create 3D models, and the process is carried out through Editable Spline. Splines are curves that have a minimum of two control points, and are used in the 3D space to create models. Objects in the 3D space are created by using splines to create a skeleton around its shape. Polygons are then created between these splines to further define the shape.

How is spline modeling done in 3ds MAX?

Ans : A spline object can be manipulated at three sub-object levels, namely along its vertex, segment and spline through existing controls. This can be done through the Editable Spline panel.

The following steps can help convert new splines to editable splines.

Step 1: Select/create a spline > Modify Panel Step 2: Right click on the spline in the stack > Convert to: Editable Spline

There's another process as well.

Step 1: Select/create a spline > Modify Panel

Step 2: Right click on the spline > Transform quadrant of quad menu

Step 3: Click on Convert To: > Convert to Editable Spline

Once this is done, you can edit the 3 sub-object levels as required.

What is polygonal modeling?

Ans : Polygons form the building blocks of every 3D mesh and are used in developing a wide range of 3D models for video games and film animation effects. They are flat and straight-sided shapes that are connected to form a polygon mesh, also known as polygonal objects or polysets. This type of modelling involves the use of 3, 4 and 5 sided polygons in creating accurate polygonal mesh structures.

How is polygonal modeling done in 3ds MAX?

Ans : The Polygon Modeling panel has the tools for switching between sub-object levels and converting existing objects to editable poly.

Click on: Ribbon > Modeling Tab > Polygon Modeling Panel

There are 4 sub-objects for polygons in 3ds MAX, including vertex, edge, border and polygon.

Vertex: This level lets you access the vertices within a given region or selection

Edge: This level lets you select the polygon edges that fall under the selected region

Border: This level lets you access the connected edges and faces on one side of them

Polygon: This level lets you access all the polygons under the selected region

These sub-object levels can be edited and customized as required in the 3D model.

What is 3ds MAX V-Ray?

Ans : V-Ray is a rendering plugin and engine for 3ds MAX that enhances visualizations and introduces photorealism for clean, accurate and high-speed rendering. V-Ray is an industry-standard extension that also increases creative control and simplifies the workflow through the use of photon mapping, path tracing, global illumination algorithms, irradiance maps and directly computed global illumination.

How do you import a SAT model into 3ds MAX?

Ans : Here's how you can import a SAT model into 3ds MAX:

Step 1: Start 3ds MAX

Step 2: Click on 'Project Folder' in the Quick Access toolbar

Step 3: Set your project to any pre-defined project name

Step 4: Choose 'Units Setup' under the Customize tab

Step 5: In the dialog box, choose your 'Metric' from the dropdown list

Step 6: Click on the Application Menu in the top right (with the logo)

Step 7: Click on 'Select File to Import' and a dialog box will open up

Step 8: Choose the right X/Y/Z axes based on the product being used

Step 9: Click 'OK'

How do you change units in 3ds MAX?

Ans : Units can be modified in 3ds MAX under the System Unit setup dialog, which can be accessed either through the Standard Menu or the Enhanced Menu.

Standard Menu

- Click on Customize Menu > Units Setup

- Units Setup Dialog > System Unit Setup

- Under 'System Unit Scale', choose the metric/value required

- Click 'OK'

Enhanced Menu

- Click on Customize Menu > Customization > Units Setup

- Units Setup Dialog > System Unit Setup

- Under 'System Unit Scale', choose the metric/value required

- Click 'OK'

These changes are saved unless reset or modified otherwise.

What is the default lighting in 3ds MAX?

Ans : Photorealism is one of the key advantages of using 3ds MAX, and this can be mainly attributed to its excellent lighting controls. It's easy to simulate real-world lighting effects for both indoor and outdoor models through computer-based light objects that add accurate depth and clarity to make the models hyper-realistic.

Every scene in 3ds MAX comes with default lighting, which is turned off when light objects are added to a scene. The default lighting for a scene is projected from the top left and bottom right, and it is recommended that these are converted to light objects through the 'Add Default Lights to Scene' command.

What are the different lighting styles in 3ds MAX?

Ans : There are two types of lights that 3ds MAX offers - standard and photometric.

3ds MAX uses a photometric daylight system and standard sunlight system for outdoor scenes. Lighting under these options can be realistically adjusted by geography (latitude/longitude), date and time, location and even compass orientation.

Evenly distributed ambient light can be used for added realism in dawn/dusk scenes.

Standard Lighting
Standard lighting covers all household, office and indoor lighting used in stage and film, along with outdoor elements like sunlight. These can be integrated into a scene based on how the individual object casts light and its intensity. This type of lighting has lesser control.

Photometric Lights
Photometric lighting is primed for accuracy, and helps you control the distribution, temperature, and intensity of the lights in a scene. This results in improved realism. An added advantage is that you can import photometric data (IES/CIBSE/LTLI) from commercially available lights to recreate them.

What are XRef objects in 3ds MAX?

Ans : When objects from external 3ds MAX files are referenced in a current scene, they appear as Externally Referenced (XRef) objects. These objects can be modified in-scene without any core changes made to the source object.

Click: Application Menu > References > XRef Objects

Local offsets can be used to transform and align objects from a primary scene to other secondary scenes. Through the XRef Objects dialog, it's easy to control their merge state, visibility and other variables. Once these objects are merged, their controls are localized and can be modified accordingly.

What is the Material Editor in 3ds MAX?

Ans : The Material Editor has two interfaces - Compact Material Editor and Slate Material Editor.

Compact Material Editor

True to its name, this is a smaller dialog box with essential controls and quick previews. The simpler interface makes this ideal for assigning materials that are pre-designed. This editor allows video color check and custom sample objects, and features an extensive menu bar, sample slots, and toolbars along the sides and the bottom.

Slate Material Editor

Ideal for creating material trees with nodes and wiring, this graphical interface comes with a larger dialog box that helps in managing scenes with multiple materials and maps. The Material/Map browser allows you to search for base material and map types, and the Parameter Editor helps you change material/map settings.

Here's how you can access them.

Step 1: Main toolbar > Material Editor > Compact

Step 2: Main toolbar > Material Editor > Slate

Step 3: (Default) Menu > Rendering Menu > Material Editor > Compact Material Editor

Step 4: (Default) Menu > Rendering Menu > Material Editor > Slate Material Editor

Step 5: Press the M key in the keyboard

Step 6: (Alt) Menu > Materials > Create/Edit Materials > Compact Material Editor

Step 7: (Alt) Menu > Materials > Create/Edit Materials > Slate Material Editor

How can an image or animation be rendered in 3ds MAX?

Ans : The rendering process in 3ds MAX is fairly simple.

Image Rendering

Step 1: Main toolbar > Material Editor > Compact

Step 2: Main toolbar > Render Setup (this will open up a dialog box)

Step 3: Under Common Parameters, ensure 'Time Output' is 'Single'

Step 4: Under 'Output Size', set the parameters for rendering as needed

Step 5: Click on 'Render'

The rendered output will appear in the Rendered Frame window.

Animation Rendering

Step 1: Ensure that the viewport is activated

Step 2: Main toolbar > Render Setup (this will open up a dialog box)

Step 3: Under Common Parameters, choose a time range for the 'Time Output'

Step 4: Under 'Output Size', set the parameters for rendering as needed

Step 5: Under 'Render Output', click on Files

Step 6: Specify a name, location and file type for the output file

Step 7: Click 'Save' once all the options have been configured, and click 'Ok'

Step 8: Click on 'Render'

The rendered output will appear in the Rendered Frame window.

What is B.I.M.?

Ans : Building information modelling is a framework for generating a full 3D representation of a facility within a virtual platform. Architects and engineers can use this model to understand and coordinate building components. Not all projects are suitable for B.I.M. Building information models (BIMs) are files which can be extracted, exchanged or networked to support decision- making regarding a building or other built asset.

What is Point Cloud?

Ans : A point cloud is a set of data points in the given 3-D space. Point clouds are generally produced by 3D scanners, which measure a large number of points on the external surfaces of objects around them. The points are collected by the scanner as the laser strikes the surface and creates a 3-D model of points. As the output of 3D scanning processes, point clouds are used for many purposes, including to create 3D CAD models for manufactured parts, for metrology and quality inspection, and for a multitude of visualization, animation, rendering and mass customization applications.

What is scan to BIM?
Ans : Scan to BIM is the process, which uses 3D laser scanning technology to capture the as-built environment. The resulting Survey data called Point cloud is imported into Autodesk Revit or Autodesk Autocad. The main advantage of Scan to BIM is its ability to analyze the differences between point cloud and model geometry by creating native model for the same.
What is LOD in BIM?

Ans : Level of development (LOD) is a concept with varying definitions and implementations. Core to the concept is that the level of development defines the content and reliability of BIM elements at different stages or milestones. With "content" we mean geometric information, structured data and linked documentation. With reliability we mean for what uses and to what extent the downstream users of the information can trust the accuracy and quality of that content.

LOD 100 - CONCEPT DESIGN The building 3D model is developed to represent the information on basic level. Thereby, only conceptual model creation is possible in this stage. Parameters like area, height, volume, location and orientation are defined.

LOD 200 - SCHEMATIC DESIGN General model where elements are modeled with approximate quantities, size, shape, location and orientation. We can also attach non- geometric information to the model elements.

LOD 300 - DETAILED DESIGN Accurate modeling and shop drawings where elements are defined with specific assemblies, precise quantity, size, shape, location and orientation. Here too we can attach non- geometric information to the model elements.

LOD 350 - CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION It includes model detail and element that represent how building elements interface with various systems and other building elements with graphics and written definitions.

LOD 400 - FABRICATION & ASSEMBLY Model elements are modeled as specific assemblies, with complete fabrication, assembly, and detailing information in addition to precise quantity, size, shape, location and orientation.Non- geometric information to the model elements can also be attached.

LOD 500 - AS-BUILT Elements are modeled as constructed assemblies for Maintenance and operations. In addition to actual and accurate in size, shape, location, quantity, and orientation, non-geometric information is attached to modeled elements.

Why do I need a Land Survey ?
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What is permit set ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is spline modelling ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is spline BIM ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
Why do I need a Land Survey ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is permit set ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is spline modelling ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is spline BIM ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
Why do I need a Land Survey ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is permit set ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is spline modelling ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.
What is spline BIM ?
Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

Started in 2009, Gsource offers a unique combination of end-to-end customized engineering, design, GIS and technology solutions. In a short span, we have created a niche for ourselves becoming agents of change in the drafting, designing and engineering segments by adopting relevant and cutting edge technologies like GIS and Business Intelligence.

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